Oftentimes, complex oral conditions must be corrected by an oral surgeon. These types of conditions include anything from misaligned jaws, oral cancer, severely impacted wisdom teeth or facial trauma. The dentists at Parkland Mall Dental Centre are able to assess your oral condition and refer you to a certified surgeon if any of these complex surgeries are required.
Oral surgeons complete several years of education and hands-on training in order to provide treatment for many different conditions. After completing dental school, oral surgeons are surgically trained for at least four years alongside medical residents in a hospital-based program. Their extensive training gives them the expertise to treat a variety of conditions and perform several procedures, including:
Corrective jaw surgery
This procedure involves repositioning the upper jaw, lower jaw or chin to correct skeletal and dental irregularities, including misalignment of the jaws and teeth. Oftentimes this surgery is completed to improve chewing, speaking or breathing.
Your wisdom teeth are the last set of teeth that you develop. In most patients, the jaw is not large enough for the wisdom teeth to emerge from the gum line, causing them to become impacted. When this occurs, such teeth need to be removed. Wisdom teeth that are impacted and/or have either partially or fully erupted are often very difficult to clean and become susceptible to tooth decay, recurring infection or possibly gum disease. Because of this, it is recommended that wisdom teeth are removed by the time a patient is a young adult in order to prevent future problems.
Facial trauma occurs most often when bones are broken. Any breakage to facial bones, including the jaws, palate, cheekbones and eye sockets, can affect sight as well as the ability to breathe, speak or swallow. Correcting these breaks and ensuring proper healing requires the expertise of an oral surgeon. It is best to take preventative measures to prevent this type of injury by wearing protective gear such as helmets and mouth guards when playing sports.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the small joint where the skull and lower jaw meet. This joint allows your jaw to move and function properly. Problems with the TMJ can cause symptoms such as pain in the jaw, earaches, headaches and being unable to open or close your mouth. These are all signs that you may have Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). Often this can be treated non-surgically. However if non-surgical treatment is unsuccessful or there is damage to the joint, surgery may be recommended.
It is recommended that everyone examine themselves for oral cancer every month. Look for any white or red patches or abnormal lumps as they could be signs that point toward oral cancer. Also, if you’ve noticed that you suffer from chronic sore throat or hoarseness or difficulty chewing or swallowing, you should contact your health care professional.
Due to their extensive training and education, oral surgeons have the knowledge to provide patients with safe and effective outpatient anesthesia, including local anesthesia, nitrous oxide, IV sedation, and general anesthesia. Through their extensive hospital training, oral surgeons learn how to evaluate patients for anesthesia as well as how to deliver it and how to monitor patients afterward.
If you are looking to get an oral checkup or think you may be in need of an oral surgeon, contact Parkland Mall Dental Centre today. We can assess the condition you are facing and determine if oral surgery is needed, in which case we would refer you to a certified oral surgeon in the Red Deer area.
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